Foamseal Troubleshooting

Troubleshooting Procedures for Foamseal Two-Component Disposable Foam Kits 110, 200, 300, 600 & 1000

Always read through and follow the full instructions and set up guidelines.

Checking the Gun for Proper Function

Good quality foam is dependent upon one-to-one ratio dispensing. The easiest way to determine that you have good ratio is to observe the stream of chemicals coming out of the gun before they pass through the mixing nozzle. Be sure that both chemicals are dispensing from the gun PRIOR to your application, ALWAYS do a test shot into a waste container. To do this, remove the nozzle from the gun and point the gun into a waste container. Pull the trigger and observe the chemical streams. You should see two chemical streams crossing over each other and flowing at equal velocity. Know that the “A” component is light brown in colour and the “B” component is white (or nearly clear) in colour.

Unequal Chemical Flow from the Tanks

If you see more “A” chemical flowing than “B” chemical, your foam is probably darker in colour and may have a crunchy, glassy surface.
OR
If you see more “B” component than “A” component, your foam is probably whiter in colour with a spongy surface texture. First confirm the temperature of the foam, substrate and the ambient temperature. The canisters should be brought to a temperature between 60 & 80°F (15.60°C & 26.70°C), ideal substrate temperature is between 60°F and 80°F (15.60°C & 26.70°C) and the ambient temperature should be between 60 and 100°F (15.60°C & 37.70°C). If the temperature is right for dispensing, then check the tanks. Be sure one is not empty. Be sure the valves are turned all the way on. Shake the tanks vigorously and try again. If all of these things seem to be right but the problem persists, shut down the system and Contact Us.

Temperature Issues

Surfaces that are colder will result in reduced yield. This is caused by the cold surface extracting the heat from the exothermic reaction resulting in a reduced rise, and a reduced yield. If the surface is 40°F (40°C) or colder, the exotherm may also cause condensation, which may cause the foam to not adhere properly. The way to determine if this will happen is to do a test patch. If the foam sticks to the cold surface, spray the thinnest layer possible to simply raise the surface temperature to a level closer to the ideal temperature. Allow that layer to cure. Then add the desired thickness to achieve your required level of insulation.

Surfaces that are colder will result in reduced yield. This is caused by the cold surface extracting the heat from the exothermic reaction resulting in a reduced rise, and a reduced yield. If the surface is 40°F (40°C) or colder, the exotherm may also cause condensation, which may cause the foam to not adhere properly. The way to determine if this will happen is to do a test patch. If the foam sticks to the cold surface, spray the thinnest layer possible to simply raise the surface temperature to a level closer to the ideal temperature. Allow that layer to cure. Then add the desired thickness to achieve your required level of insulation.

Surfaces that are too warm may result in the foam curing too fast. This would also result in a reduced yield because the foam would not have enough time to reach the full rise before it fully cures. In addition, extreme cases may result in loss of adhesion because the foam would cure so fast it does not develop a bond to the surface before hardening.

Yield may be affected by operators technique and environmental temperature. It is important to take expansion rate into consideration prior to application. Expansion rate is related to spray rate, area configuration and temperature variations.

Only One Chemical is Dispensing

To assist you in this section, identify the “A” component (red tank) as being the darker brown liquid and the “B” component (white tank) as being white or nearly clear in colour.

If you are experiencing reduced flow of either of the chemicals and you are confident that the temperature of your chemicals and substrate is within the optimum temperature guidelines then there may be a blockage in the gun and hose applicator.

Most often when there is only one chemical coming out of the gun, it will be the “B” component. This is usually caused by not using the gun on a regular basis, causing blocking on one side of the gun. You may dispense foam that seems to be rising, and then it “melts” or reverts to a liquid after a short period of time. This would indicate that there is no “A” component flow at all.

When was the last time you used the system?

We strongly recommend that you USE THE GUN AT LEAST ONCE PER WEEK, more often in humid climates. Failure to do so may result in a blockage on the “A” component side of the gun due to moisture driven crystallisation of the “A” component. If only “A” component is coming out something has occurred to freeze up the “B” component side of the gun. Most likely, the gun and hose assembly had been sitting much too long between applications.